Computer hardware components that manipulate raw and other data, into information are referred to as processing devices.
Processing hardware is not as populated as other categories of hardware parts. Typically, the microprocessor is the major processing devices in the computer. It is also important to note that the microprocessor works closely with computer memory devices during its operations.
The microprocessor is subdivided into three important units which work together in order to accomplish all processing activities. The units are:
- Control unit
- Arithmetic and logic unit
- Register and cache
- The Control Unit
The control unit manages and supervises the operations of the processor and other components that are crucial in data manipulation.
- Arithmetic And Logic Unit (ALU)
The ALU is responsible for all arithmetic and logic operations like additions, multiplications, subtractions and division, and comparison logic operations.
- Registers And Cache Memory
Registers and cache are storage locations inside the processor, which respond to the instructions of the control unit by moving relevant data around.
- Computer Processing Devices in Detail
That hardware part of the computer where data processing occurs is referred to as microprocessor. It is also called the central processing unit (CPU), or lately and especially in AMD systems, accelerated processing unit (APU).